Congratulations Nick on the answer for # 1. You were right, the inventor was Henri Pitot, obviously describing a pitot tube. The correct year was 1732. Listen carefully and you'll hear us all cheering in the background :-)
I knew that would be easy, so here is [what I hope is] a harder question!
Question # 2: What is the name of the first person to die in the crash of a powered aeroplane? The date? Anything special about that flight?
Hopefully this is a bit harder! :-)